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【瑞典】前瞻

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发表于 2011-2-6 21:22:31 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 washington555 于 2011-2-6 21:52 编辑

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本赛季第一站(共13站)  

2月10日周四至2月13日周日  

赛事概述  

  等待即将结束。距离塞巴斯蒂安·勒布在英国威尔士拉力赛上以获胜结束了上一世代几个月之后,新世代的世界汽车拉力锦标赛将伴随着新的技术规则、新的赛车、新的车队,以及一群新车手开赛了。

  本站比赛都将在卡尔斯塔德发车,2月10至13日这里举行的比赛又一次成为赛季中唯一一站真正在冬季进行的赛事。同时这也是瑞典站连续第二年成为新赛季的首秀。

  卡尔斯塔德坐落于瑞典境内最长的河流卡拉尔河河畔,该河最终流入瑞典境内最大的湖泊维纳恩湖。据说这座城市也是瑞典境内阳光最好的。不过虽然发车仪式、终点站以及两个超级赛段会在城市中举行,冠军的主要争夺则是在城市北面的韦姆兰和达拉那森林中进行,同时服务中心则在距卡尔斯塔德85公里左右的哈格福什机场内。

  瑞典站的比赛要求车手在穿越灌木丛和森林时能够精确地协调好赛车的速度。所有的赛车都将配备钉胎,这些钉子能够扎进雪面从而能够和深层积雪咬合以提供抓地力。

  因此虽然在这些路面上因为太滑不能行走,这些赛车依然能够达到200公里的时速,而这是所有的拉力车迷不容错过的。但是由于室内外温差达到20摄氏度,这也要求只有那些体质超群的观众才能在户外挑战极限。

  在周四晚进行完发车仪式以及城内的一个超级赛段后,周五的比赛将在主要在西韦姆兰城镇图什比进行。第一个比赛日的看点则是瓦格森赛段,这个赛段以科林坡跃——纪念已故车手科林·麦克雷——著称。还有一个看点则是全新的勒夫豪根赛段,虽然这个赛段的起点和重点设在瑞典境内,但部分赛段会穿越国境进入挪威。

  周六全体人员则会转向达拉那地区参加一些经典的赛段,例如腓特烈斯贝和索根赛段,这是两届世界冠军马库斯·格伦霍姆钟爱的赛段,他在去年也参加了这些赛段的比赛。在周六的赛程中,最主要的仍是从哈格福什的滑雪坡道冲下的赛段。

  周日的比赛位于哈格福什附近,包括赖门和吞托普赛段。而在进入维修区之前的最后一个赛段则是从上世纪80年代就一直未曾使用过的古斯塔夫斯福什赛段,用来在最后时刻上演戏剧性的惊天逆转。这也是世界汽车拉力锦标赛官方首次设置的动力赛段,这也是2011赛季的一个全新的概念。在这个赛段最快的前三名车手将会获得额外的积分,同时也将现场直播。

  总而言之,本站比赛将有11个不同的赛段,每个赛段都将进行两次,总计有超过351公里的路程。同时本站比赛也是本赛季世界汽车拉力锦标赛量产车组别的首演,以及相互独立的瑞典国家级比赛的首秀。

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谁将获胜  

  这将取决于都是首次驾驶新一代世界拉力赛车参赛的车手在瑞典站的表现。

  2011赛季的技术规则变动使得一系列设备被禁止使用,包括发车控制系统、主动式中央差速器以及换挡拨片等,这都将使比赛更依赖于车手的技术。

  2.0升涡轮增压引擎已经逐步淘汰,取而代之的则是采用直喷技术的1.6升涡轮增压引擎,这意味着更低的扭矩以及更高的转速。新赛车更宽也更短。这使得赛车在连续的更要求技术的弯道有着更敏捷的表现,而在高速弯角则会损失部分稳定性。

  本站比赛将有13辆赛车参加最高组别的比赛——四部雪铁龙DS3拉力赛车,以及九部福特嘉年华RS拉力赛车。

  雪铁龙将由七冠王塞巴斯蒂安·勒布以及领航员丹尼尔·艾伦纳带头挑战分站冠军。今年36岁的勒布,一直没有将瑞典站作为自己最喜欢的比赛之一,同时这也降低了他自己拿下第二个瑞典站冠军的可能性。不过,和他的队友塞巴斯蒂安·奥吉尔一样,勒布也已经在瑞典完成了大量的深度测试,他也被寄望向冠军发起冲击。

  2008年世界汽车拉力锦标赛青年组冠军奥吉尔,在上个赛季首次参加瑞典拉力赛就发现自己很难跟上勒布,以及雪铁龙私人车手皮特·索伯格。挪威人因为测试计划受到限制而对新赛车不甚了解,不过作为雪地的专家之一,他将在家乡瑞典站首日两个赛段的堪路过程中尝到甜头。

  2007世界一级方程式锦标赛冠军吉米·莱科宁,将在自己的第二个赛季中继续站在雪铁龙阵营当中。

  福特已经豪取了自2006年以来的所有瑞典站的胜利,而前两次分站冠军——米克·海沃宁和贾里马蒂·拉特瓦拉——将驾驶厂队的嘉年华RS拉力赛车引领福特阵营向冠军发起竞争。

  继糟糕的2010赛季之后,海沃宁渴望在新赛季重回正轨。不过上赛季落后勒布获得年度亚军的拉特瓦拉势头正好。上个月测试中的车祸并不影响这位车手新赛季的步伐。

  作为福特本赛季的黑马,PG安德森也将参加本站比赛。这位瑞典车手在家乡比赛中有着无以比拟的记录,他也将用一场强势的比赛来回馈那些捐助他参加比赛的车迷。虽然安德森的水平毫无争议,但是直到瑞典站开赛前四天,他都不会有机会对自己的嘉年华RS拉力赛车进行最后的调整,这对他很不利。

  来自福特二队的挪威车手亨宁·索伯格以及马斯·厄斯贝里也将有实力向领奖台发起冲击。他们的英国队友马修·威尔森在过去瑞典站的比赛中也展现了强大的实力,作为新一代嘉年华赛车的研发者之一,他的夺冠呼声也很高。

  Ferm电动工具(恕本人无法获知该荷兰公司的中文名)车队的荷兰车手丹尼斯·库伯,以及蒙斯特世界拉力车队的美国车手肯·布洛克,也会驾驶嘉年华赛车参加瑞典站的比赛。他们的目标则是完赛并获得积分,怀有相同目标的还有哈立德·阿尔·卡西米,后者由阿布扎比旅游局赞助作为一个半厂商的车手。阿尔·卡西米在2008年参加瑞典站比赛时,在科林坡飞得最远。

  量产车组别将有十四位车手参赛,周一世界汽车拉力锦标赛官方网站将会推出前瞻。

  还有能够在参赛名单上找到的车手包括,驾驶斯柯达法比亚超级2000组别赛车的瑞典快车手帕特里克·桑德尔,以及前世界汽车拉力锦标赛青年组冠军马丁·普罗科普,挪威车手Eyvind Brynildsen以及瑞典房车锦标明星理查德·格兰逊。

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回顾去年  

  米克·海沃宁在去年凭借良好的发车全面击败塞巴斯蒂安·勒布获得了2010年瑞典站的分站冠军。相比于2008年的赛道,去年有百分之57不同的赛道更靠北,从而有更多的积雪。那场比赛也见证了驾驶福特福克斯RS拉力赛车的马库斯·格伦霍姆在最高组别的回归。两届世界冠军获得了一个赛段最快,不过遗憾的是最终因为电子故障失去了获得积分的可能。本地车手PG安德森以及帕特里克·弗洛丁同样炙手可热。安德森在去年的瑞典站超级2000组别获得了第十名,而弗洛丁则占据了量产车组别的头名。

你知道吗

  1990年缺乏降雪使得本站比赛最终流产,组织者则制作了介绍拉力精神的电视节目来替代。

比赛轮胎  

  车队能够选择符合2011赛季规则的米其林旗下的X冰雪北方型轮胎,或者是DMACK旗下的DMG冰雪型轮胎。(不得不鄙视国人,生产个轮胎连个中文名都没有)不过处于领先地位的车手大多在瑞典站选择米其林轮胎,大概八支车队将使用中国制造的DMG冰雪型轮胎以缩减开支。

网站链接   

  你将能够在世界汽车拉力锦标赛官方网站的瑞典专区(http://www.wrc.com/calendar-and- ... ly-sweden/overview/)了解到更多瑞典站的信息,包括今年的赛事路线以及官方网站的链接。

  点击以下链接(http://www.wrc.com/news/archive/ ... p-opener/?fid=14024)你则能够了解瑞典站的参赛名单背后的故事。

  在接下里的几天里世界汽车拉力锦标赛官方网站将带来每一只领先车队的前瞻报道。

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 楼主| 发表于 2011-2-6 21:29:19 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 washington555 于 2011-2-6 21:30 编辑

This article is from the official website of World Rally Championship   

Wrc.com preview: Rally Sweden 2011  

WRC round 1 of 13. Thursday 10 February - Sunday 13 February.

The rally
   

The waiting is over. Four months since Sebastien Loeb marked the end of the old World Rally Car era with victory on Wales Rally GB, the World Rally Championship is back with new technical regulations, new cars, new teams and a host of exciting new driver line-ups.

It all starts in the city of Karlstad, which once again has the honour of hosting the only true winter rally on the WRC calendar from 10-13 February. And, for the second year running, Sweden forms the opening round of what is set to be another thrilling WRC season.

Karlstad marks the point where Sweden’s longest river, Klaralven, runs into the country’s largest lake, Vanern. It is also said to be Sweden’s sunniest city. But while Karlstad will host the ceremonial start and finish plus two superspecial stages at the city’s trotting track, the battle for glory will be fought out in the snow-coated forests of Varmland and Dalarna to the north, with the central service located at Hagfors Airport, some 85 kilometres from Karlstad.

Sweden’s WRC counter requires a special blend of speed and precision as drivers thread their cars between snow banks and trees. All cars are equipped with special studded tyres that tear through the surface snow to bite into the thick layer of ice beneath to provide grip.

Despite the fact the stage surface is too slippery to walk on, the cars can achieve speeds of up to 200kph, making it a must-see event for all rally fans. However, with ambient temperatures hovering around minus 20 degrees centigrade for much of the rally, it takes a special breed of spectator to brave the extreme conditions.

Following Thursday evening’s ceremonial start and superspecial stage in Karlstad, Friday’s action is centred on western Varmland with a regroup in the town of Torsby. Among the highlights on day one will be the Vargasen stage, which features the famous Colin’s Crest jump - named in memory of the late Colin McRae - plus the new Lovhaugen stage, which starts and finishes in Sweden but crosses the border into neighbouring Norway.

Crews head to the Dalarna region on Saturday to tackle classic stages such as Fredriksberg and Sagen, a personal favourite of double world champion Marcus Gronholm who took part on the event last year. The arena stage down a ski slope in Hagfors will also appear on Saturday’s itinerary.

Sunday’s stages, including Rammen and Torntorp, are located close to Hagfors. Prior to the final service the Gustavsfors stage, which hasn’t been used since the 1980s, is set to provide a dramatic late twist. It’s the setting of the WRC’s first Power Stage, which is a new concept for 2011. As well as being shown live on television, the stage will award bonus points to the fastest three drivers.

In total, the rally features 11 different special stages each run twice over a competitive distance of 351 kilometres. The event also features the opening round of the Production Car World Rally Championship and a separate national rally for Swedish crews.

Who’s going to win?   

It’s all to play for on Rally Sweden as competitors adapt to the new-generation World Rally Cars in competition for the first time.

Changes to the technical regulations for 2011 have led to the banning of devices such as launch control, active central differential and paddle shift gearchange, which has put a great onus on driver skill as a result.

The 2.0-litre turbo engine has been phased out and replaced with a direct-injection 1.6-litre turbo, which means less torque and the need to apply more revs. The cars are also wider and shorter. It’s resulted in a more agile-handling machine in twisty and technical sections but with a slight loss of stability on high-speed roads.

There will be 13 World Rally Cars competing in Sweden - four Citroen DS3 WRCs and nine Ford Fiesta RS WRCs.

Citroen’s challenge is headed by seven-time world champion Sebastien Loeb and co-driver Daniel Elena. Loeb, now 36, doesn’t rank Sweden as one of his favourite events and has played down his chances of claiming his second win on the rally. However, like new team-mate Sebastien Ogier, Loeb has conducted extensive testing in Sweden and is expected to challenge for victory.

Ogier, the 2008 Junior world champion, made his Rally Sweden debut last season and could find it hard to outgun Loeb and Citroen privateer Petter Solberg. The Norwegian has scant knowledge of his DS3 due to a restricted testing programme but is a master of driving on snow, and is relishing the prospect of tackling two stages in his homeland on day one of the rally.

Kimi Raikkonen, the 2007 Formula One world champion, completes the Citroen line-up as he continues his rallying transition.

Ford has won every Rally Sweden since 2006 and the last two winners of the event - Mikko Hirvonen and Jari-Matti Latvala - lead the Blue Oval attack in a brace of factory Fiesta RS WRCs.

Hirvonen is anxious to get his WRC career back on track following a frustrating 2010, but Latvala is on a high after finishing runner-up to Loeb in last season’s final standings. He is determined a crash in testing last month won’t knock him off his stride.

PG Andersson starts the rally as Ford’s dark horse for success. The Swede has a impressive record on his home event and will be determined to put on a strong showing to repay a number of his fans who have donated much-needed funding. While there is no disputing Andersson’s ability, he won’t get to try the Fiesta RS WRC in final trim until four days before the start of the rally, which could count against him.

Norwegians Henning Solberg and Mads Ostberg front the M-Sport Stobart Ford World Rally Team bid and are capable of challenging for a podium. British team-mate Matthew Wilson has also shown well on Rally Sweden in the past and is a huge fan of the new Fiesta, which he has helped to develop.

Dutchman Dennis Kuipers and American Ken Block will also drive Fiestas for the FERM Power Tools and Monster World Rally Teams respectively. They will be in contention for a points finish, as will Khalid Al Qassimi, who is entered in a semi-works example with backing from the Abu Dhabi Tourism Authority. Al Qassimi marked his Rally Sweden debut in 2008 by jumping the furthest over Colin’s Crest.

Fourteen Production Car World Rally Championship drivers will be competing in Sweden and a preview will appear on WRC.com on Monday.

Other names to look out for on the Rally Sweden entry list include rapid Swede Patrik Sandell in a Skoda Fabia Super 2000, fellow former Junior world champion Martin Prokop, Norway’s Eyvind Brynildsen and Swedish Touring Car Championship star Richard Goransson.

On this rally last year   

Mikko Hirvonen got his 2010 title bid off to a stunning start with a comprehensive victory over Sebastien Loeb on a route that was further north and 57 per cent different to the one used in 2008 to help guarantee sufficient snow. The event also marked Marcus Gronholm’s return to the world stage in a Ford Focus RS WRC. The double title-winner took a stage victory but was denied a points finish by an electrical fault. Local heroes PG Andersson and Patrik Flodin both shone. Andersson won the inaugural SWRC class in 10th overall, while Flodin topped the PWRC leaderboard.

Did you know?   

When a lack of snow forced the rally’s cancellation in 1990, organisers staged a made-for-TV rallysprint instead.

Tyres    

Crews can choose between Michelin’s X Ice North tyre and DMACK’s DMG-Ice tyre under new rules for 2011. While the bulk of the leading runners have chosen to run on Michelin rubber in Sweden, approximately eight crews will use the Chinese-made DMG-Ice option, which is asymmetric to reduce costs.

Website links  

You’ll find more information on Rally Sweden, including this year's itinerary and links to the official website, in the Sweden section (http://www.wrc.com/calendar-and- ... ly-sweden/overview/) of wrc.com.

Follow this link to see the wrc.com Rally Sweden entry list story. (http://www.wrc.com/news/archive/ ... p-opener/?fid=14024)

We’ll bring you preview information from each of the leading teams over the coming days here on wrc.com.
发表于 2011-2-6 21:30:15 | 显示全部楼层
版主辛苦了,,,
 楼主| 发表于 2011-2-6 21:39:29 | 显示全部楼层
这篇文章工程实在浩大,如转载请注明出处,望谅解!  


谈一点翻译时候的感想:

1、对国人实在没话说,好不容易生产个轮胎参加国际比赛了,那个品牌连个中文名都没有,气愤啊!

2、国外的人名、地名也不是盖的,找个中文名也是在是难啊!

   虽说不翻译,多少关注点拉力赛的车迷对那些耳熟能详的名字还有点了解,不过这样受众面太小了。要扩大这项赛事的影响力,还希望大家一起努力!

   同时汉语中使用外文严重破坏了本国语言的纯粹性!看看荷兰人,瑞典的英文不是"Sweden"么?但是荷兰语中则是字母"Z"开头的!

3、雪铁龙和福特厂队的待遇实在是好……
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